Olle Danielsson » Future PC / Computers Olle Danielsson

Future PC / Computers

“Olle Danelsson initiated Office 85, “KONTOR 85″ as a DVD (see the Menu FILM) for Volvo back in 1976 with a vision focusing towards implementation 1985. This system would develop a new generation of computers with computer-controlled telephone switchboards, data and fax terminals ” (quotation by P.G. Gyllenhammar).

Kontor 85

In 1976 there were computer centers with huge computers, usually IBM, with punch card based systems. I had good knowledge about computer systems as I was the founder and initiator of VOLVO-DATA / VOLVO IT. I had constructeed a new computer building and entirely new computer equipment 1969-1971. See the Menu Volvo-Data/Volvo IT

Back then, the user’s secretaries were equipped with word-processing machines with memory capacity but without the possibilities of communication between machines.

The telefax began to develop with communication capabilities across borders.

Telephone switchboards  were still mechanical and basically mainly made by Ericsson.

In 1976, a collaboration started between me at Volvo and the Telecommunications Authority with Director-general Bertil Bjurel and the chief engineer Torsten Larsson and eventually also with ERICSSON, ASEA, SKANDIA.

We wanted to actively influence the coordination of large computers, electronic telephone switchboards, word-processing machines and telefaxes. After many meetings we formulated a basis for strategies with a DETAILED DESCRIPTION FOR THE FUTURE OF COMPUTER TERMINALS. These were sent IN MARCH 1958 to the world’s leading computer manufacturers, mostly in California, including: IBM, Xerox, Univac, and Philips etc. The project got amazing international attention and was known as a Swedish collaborative.

Our specification included detailed descriptions regarding all:

  • Ergonomics, quite unknown among all manufacturers then.
  • Reliability
  • Preparation of text
  • Change of text
  • Storage/ retrieval of text (local and central)
  • Transfer of text

We visited these major computer technology companies in California, now known as the Silicon Valley, and had comprehensive discussions. IBM was at first  unsure about the keyboard on computers. After an extensive review and analysis of the bids received, in August 1978 we signed  contracts with Philips and Xerox to deliver three systems for a one year field trial. One of the systems was started at ASEA in Västerås, Sweden.  I undertook the evaluating of Xerox’s advanced systems with mouse and monitor for Volvo.

It is in no way an exaggeration: we influenced the development and creation of tomorrow’s PC  Computers in a major way.

The DVD I did in 1977, about the future development of today’s PCs, OFFICE -85, is incredibly close to what actually became the prototype for the PC in later years. OFFICE -85 was rapidly spread to many large corporations.

For more info about KONTOR 85 / OFFFICE 85 Click here.

Telephone switchboards were still mechanical and basically mainly made by Ericsson.

ELECTRONIC EXCHANGE.  My first undertaking, working next to Volvo’s President Gyllenhammar, was to invite Telecom Agency Management to a crucial lunch meeting at the restaurant Henriksberg in Gothenburg. My duties at that time included being responsibility for all office equipment and telephone exchanges within Volvo. I managed to convince the chief engineer Torsten Larsson that together, we now could shape the future of electronic telephone exchanges. Then the good news came, that I could contact the telephone company Ericsson, who has just begun the development of an electronic telephone exchange systems- switchboards.

I had previously asked IBM about a cooperation, because I heard that they started to develop a small electronic switchboard. I was immediately invited by IBM ‘s Swedish President Sten Langenius to their laboratory in La Gaude on the French Riviera. This was an unique center with the latest innovations. IBM showed off a prototype of a small electronic telephone switchboard systems. I seem to remember that it was called the IBM 1800, but it did not have the capacity to handle a large corporation’s needs.

After this, I could with the Telecommunications Authority approval (they had a monopoly at the time), contact Ericsson’s President Björn Svedberg and I ordered the first Swedish company Electronic Telephone for Volvo. This was probably the first in the world! It took, of course, many years to develop a completely new system of this caliber and if I remember correctly, it was installed first 1983 at Volvo’s headquarters in Gothenburg.


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